What Can Wild Rabbits Eat

In this article, we will explore the dietary preferences of wild rabbits and provide a comprehensive guide on what they can eat. Wild rabbits are fascinating creatures that inhabit various habitats across the globe. Understanding their dietary needs is crucial for their survival and well-being. So, let’s dive into the world of wild rabbits and discover what they can munch on to stay healthy and happy.

what can wild rabbits eat

The Natural Diet of Wild Rabbits

Wild rabbits are herbivores, which means their diet primarily consists of plant-based foods. They have evolved to consume a wide variety of vegetation to meet their nutritional requirements. Their natural diet includes grasses, leaves, twigs, bark, and even certain fruits and vegetables. However, it’s important to note that not all plants are safe for rabbits to consume.

Safe Foods for Wild Rabbits

  1. Grasses: Grass is a staple food for wild rabbits. They graze on various types of grasses, including meadow grass, ryegrass, and fescue. These provide essential nutrients and fiber for their digestive system.

  2. Leaves: Wild rabbits enjoy munching on leaves from a variety of plants. They particularly favor leaves from dandelions, clover, plantain, and raspberry bushes. These leaves are rich in vitamins and minerals.

  3. Twigs and Bark: Rabbits have strong teeth that continuously grow throughout their lives. Chewing on twigs and bark helps them wear down their teeth and keep them healthy. They often nibble on twigs from willow, apple, and birch trees.

  4. Fruits and Vegetables: While wild rabbits primarily rely on grass and leaves, they occasionally indulge in fruits and vegetables. Apples, berries, carrots, and lettuce are some examples of safe options. However, these should be given in moderation as treats rather than a significant part of their diet.

Foods to Avoid

Not all plants are safe for wild rabbits to consume. Some can be toxic and cause severe health issues. It’s crucial to avoid feeding them the following:

  • Poisonous Plants: Plants like foxglove, hemlock, and nightshade are highly toxic to rabbits. They should be kept far away from their reach.

  • Household Plants: Certain common household plants, such as lilies, tulips, and azaleas, can be harmful to rabbits if ingested. Ensure that your pet rabbit doesn’t have access to these plants.

  • High-Sugar Foods: While fruits can be given as occasional treats, it’s important to avoid feeding rabbits high-sugar foods like chocolate, candy, or sugary drinks. These can lead to obesity and dental problems.

Providing a Balanced Diet

To ensure the overall health and well-being of wild rabbits, it’s essential to provide them with a balanced diet. A combination of grass, leaves, twigs, and occasional fruits and vegetables will meet their nutritional needs. Additionally, access to fresh water at all times is crucial for their hydration.


Wild rabbits have specific dietary requirements that are essential for their survival. By understanding what they can eat and what to avoid, we can contribute to their well-being. Remember to provide a balanced diet consisting of grass, leaves, twigs, and limited amounts of fruits and vegetables. By doing so, we can help these fascinating creatures thrive in their natural habitats.


1. Can wild rabbits eat carrots?

Yes, wild rabbits can eat carrots. However, carrots should be given in moderation as a treat rather than a significant part of their diet. Too many carrots can cause digestive issues due to their high sugar content.

2. Are wild rabbits attracted to gardens?

Yes, wild rabbits are often attracted to gardens as they provide a variety of plants and vegetables. To protect your garden, consider using fences or natural deterrents like strong-smelling herbs or plants that rabbits dislike.

3. Can wild rabbits eat grass clippings?

While wild rabbits primarily feed on fresh grass, it’s best to avoid feeding them grass clippings. Clippings can ferment quickly and cause digestive problems for rabbits.

4. What should I do if I find a wild rabbit in my garden?

If you find a wild rabbit in your garden, it’s best to observe from a distance and avoid disturbing it. Wild rabbits are generally shy and will move on once they feel safe. If you suspect the rabbit is injured or in distress, contact a local wildlife rehabilitation center for guidance.

5. How can I provide water for wild rabbits?

Wild rabbits rely on natural water sources like ponds, streams, or puddles. However, during dry periods, you can place a shallow dish of fresh water in a safe and accessible location for them. Ensure the dish is shallow to prevent accidental drowning.

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